Auction 102

Lot 122:


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Start price: $70

Estimated price: $140 - $280

Auction house commission: 25%

Certified photostat of an official certificate from the Shanghai Municipal Council dated May 16, 1941, granting ROBERT ROSENFELD, nationality unknown, entry into the International Settlement of Shanghai South of Soochow Creek for a period of six months. The document is stamped on the back ‘Compared with the original and certified as correct 19 May. 1941’ with a stamp from the ‘Immigrants Organization Shanghai I.C.’ (International Committee for the Organization of European Immigrants, Shanghai, China) and signed by the secretary PAUL KOMOR, Honorary Consul General for Hungary in Shanghai in 1938-1941. Shanghai was notable for a long time as the only place in the world that unconditionally offered refuge for Jews escaping from the Nazis. The international settlement came to an abrupt end in December 1941 when Japanese troops stormed in following the attack on Pearl Harbor and European Shanghai residents were forced to wear armbands to differentiate them.